Physiotherapy Management for Traumatic Brain Injury

Physiotherapy Management for Traumatic Brain Injury
Written by Medhaavi Mishra

A person’s life will never be the same after suffering a traumatic brain injury. They may start having difficulties while walking, stair climbing, or even moving around their own home. Unfortunately, traumatic brain injuries are fairly common these days.

What is Traumatic Brain Injury?

TBI usually occurs when an external force causes damage to the brain. This can be caused by a variety of forces, the most common of which is mechanical. Other forces that can cause brain injury include thermal, chemical, electrical, and even radiation, but physical-mechanical forces are the most common.

Penetrating and blunt injuries are two main common types of injuries that might occur. Penetration occurs when an object penetrates the skull and causes harm, while blunt occurs when something moving impacts your head or vice versa when you hit something while moving or when your head comes to a quick stop, as in traffic accidents.

The severity and type of TBI and the part of the brain that has been affected, and the extent of tissue damage can all influence the long-term repercussions of TBI. Physical changes such as decreased mobility, change in movement patterns and balance are frequently observed. Alterations in physiological functioning like speech issues, vision impairments, and emotional changes are all possible.

The brain, on the other hand, is incredibly receptive, and you can restore control of your body with physiotherapy. By following a strict physiotherapy schedule, patients have recovered from injuries in as little as a year. As a result, starting physiotherapy as soon as you leave the hospital and continuing it until you are totally recovered is recommended for a faster and better recovery. Contact Home Physiotherapy Dubai Services for professional services and faster recovery.

You can reclaim as much movement and function as possible with frequent physiotherapy. By minimising muscle spasms, soreness, and stiffness, neurological physiotherapy can help you restore your balance and improve your walking while also allowing you to accomplish small actions like sitting up and standing, rolling around in bed, or moving. Physiotherapy seeks to improve a patient’s bodily strength while also assisting them in retraining typical movement patterns.

So, What is Neurological Physiotherapy?

Assessment, treatment, and management of traumatic brain injury patients are all intertwined into a single string called neurological physiotherapy. In order to attain the optimum results, their relatives/caregivers are also included in the process. Treatment usually begins at the same time as the discharge or within a few days. Physiotherapists start by assessing the patient’s condition, identifying potential needs, and initiating therapy by appropriately educating the patient and his relative/caretaker. Goals for both short- and long-term rehabilitation are established and constantly maintained.

The utilisation of therapeutic activities by therapists aids in the complete rehabilitation of patients. Manual treatments such as mobilisations and manipulations may be used as well. Some patients may require mobility aids such as orthotic or prosthetic devices and wheelchairs. Few people may suffer from respiratory issues, so in that case, airway clearance procedures are recommended.

Depending on the type of injury and the patient, rehabilitation after a traumatic injury occurs primarily in two ways:

  1. Spontaneous recovery refers to the early restoration of the central nervous system and the regression of diaschisis following a brain injury.
  2. Function-induced recovery, a process focused on developing neuroplasticity in response to activity practice and environmental stimulation, which results in behavioural change, such as in the Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy training protocol.

Physiotherapy for Traumatic Brain Injury :

The primary goal of neurological physiotherapy has always been to enable patients to carry out everyday tasks as normally as possible by improving/restoring mobility with or without the use of walking aids and orthotics. Patients in the acute and chronic stages of TBI respond better to neurological physiotherapy.

In the case of acute traumatic brain injury, which might result in tissue or brain cell damage, the treatment focuses on preventing pressure ulcer formation by maintaining soft tissue length by turning and placing the patient if permitted, as the patient is not always entirely stable. Caregivers must also do regular passive movements to maintain joint range of motion in patients. Breathing techniques are also used if the patient is not under ventilation. In most cases, physiotherapists work in conjunction with the medical and nursing teams to meet the needs of the individual. Normalizing muscular action, strengthening muscle strength and endurance, as well as posture and balance, will be the focus in the case of chronic traumatic brain damage. Choosing the best Home Nursing Dubai Services will boost the recovery and it eases the overall treatment period.

After being discharged from the hospital, patients with brain injuries are encouraged to go to a rehabilitation centre rather than returning home. Another better alternative is to find specialised therapists who can meet your needs and work around your schedule at the comfort of your own home, as TBI patients require a lot of attention. Having a single point of contact with whom you can communicate is essential. Being a part of a support group for those dealing with similar challenges and talking to others can help people achieve emotional stability.

Neurological Physiotherapy Services 

Rehabilitation following a TBI is unlikely to cause issues. However, if elements of treatment, such as physical or occupational therapy, are not done effectively, there is always a danger of new injuries or worsening current symptoms or injuries. This is why you should consider enlisting the aid of specialists such as Lana Life Care to assist you with your rehabilitation.

They offer tailored treatment plans to best match each individual’s specific needs as one of the top suppliers of expert and compassionate home care services in the Middle East. They have the support of a global team of expert nurses, physiotherapists, and physicians. They can be thought of as a one-stop solution for all of your medical requirements.

Before onboarding, Lana Life Care provides specific training to all of their employees, and they are capable of supplying you with the best physiotherapists and caregivers, so you don’t have to worry about anything. They can help you make a move from rehab to your own home as painless as possible. They can swiftly provide help in case of an emergency because they have in-house physicians.

Author Bio

Ryan Yash

I’m a lifestyle content contributor, medical blog enthusiast, and tech-savvy writer based in the United Arab Emirates. I admire to pen on Home Health Care Services in Dubai and the advanced medical treatments that make wonders in the perilous treatments. I support others to win a wholesome approach to life balance through practical studies.

About the author

Medhaavi Mishra